Senin, 21 Desember 2020

Some Common Errors of Misusing English Words (Last Part)

 1. surprised/shocked

                When we heard about the accident, we were all surprised and didn't                            know  what to say.*
                When we heard about the accident, we were all shocked and didn't know                     what to say.

When someone is surprised and upset because something unpleasant has happened, they are shocked: ‘When reports came in that the child’s body had been found, everyone was deeply shocked.’

2. taste/try

                During your visit you’ll be able to taste some of the local Catalan                                    specialties.*
                During your visit you’ll be able to try some of the local Catalan                                           specialties.

When you taste something, you put a little into your mouth to see what it is like: ‘The chef stirred the soup, tasted it, and then added a little salt. When you have something to eat or drink for the first time, you try it. ‘I think I'll try the onion soup. What’s it like?’

3. tasteful/tasty

                The food was excellent and very tasteful.*
                The food was excellent and very tasty.

tasteful = chosen or produced by someone who is able to judge which kinds of art, music, furniture, etc., are attractive: ‘The design of the room was very tasteful - pale colors, matching fabrics, and soft corner lighting.’ tasty = (of food) having a pleasant taste : These sausages are really tasty - where did you buy them?’

4. tell/say

                John said that he was trying to get to London. 'That's where I'm going,'                         told the man.*
                John said that he was trying to get to London. 'That's where I'm going,'                          said the man.

Say is used with both direct and indirect speech: '''I'm not going,'" he said,' 'He said he wasn't going,'  Tell is used only with, indirect speech: .. 'He told me he wasn't going.'

5.  thought/beliefs

                They are prepared to kill in order to defend their thoughts.*
                They are prepared to kill in order to defend their beliefs.

belief = a strong feeling that something is true or untrue, good or bad etc.: ‘In the old days people were persecuted for their religious beliefs.' ‘The poet's belief in life after death is not evident in these early poems.’

6. time table/schedule 

                The manager's timetable next week is very busy .*
                The manager's schedule next week is very busy.

timetable = a list or plan showing the times when lessons take place or the times when buses, trains etc. arrive and leave: According to my timetable, history is on Mondays and Thursdays.’ schedule = a detailed plan of all the things that have to be done during a certain period: 'It’s important that we all try and keep to the schedule.’ The project is running 6 months behind schedule.’

7. title/headline

                The newspaper titles were all about the earthquake .*
                The newspaper headlines were all about the earthquake.

title = the name of a book, play, painting, piece of music etc.: 'I can remember the title of the book but not the author.' headline = the heading above a report in a newspaper, especially at the op of the front page: 'Have you seen today's headlines? There's been another car bomb in London.'

8. usual/ordinary

            I thought it was just a usual parcel but then it began to move across the                     table.*
            I thought it was just an ordinary parcel but then it began to move across the                 table. 

usual = that is usually used, seen, done etc.: 'She was sitting in her usual chair by the fire.' 'We arranged to meet at the usual time.' 'He was speaking in his usual calm tone.' ordinary = without any special features or qualities: 'It was just an ordinary house in an ordinary street.' 'From the moment I met her, I knew she was no ordinary kind of girl.'

9. wait/expect

                I'm waiting a letter from my boyfriend.*
                I’m expecting a letter from my boyfriend.

wait = stay somewhere until someone or something comes: ‘I’ll wait here until you get back.’ ‘It’s quicker to walk than wait for a bus.’ expect = believe that someone or something is going to come: ‘The train is expected to arrive in the next five minutes.’ ‘I can't leave the house -I’m expecting visitors.'

10. wish/hope

                I wish you have a wonderful holiday .*
                I hope you have a wonderful holiday.

Use wish that (+ past/past perfect tense) for things that cannot happen or will probably not happen: 'I wish I hadn't told them my address.' 'I wish you could stay here longer.' (= this will probably not happen) Use hope that (+ present/present perfect tense) for things that may easily happen or may easily have happened: 'I hope you've had a successful trip.' 'We hope you all have a very merry Christmas.' When wish is used for this meaning, the object is a noun phrase (NOT a that clause): 'I wish you a safe journey.' 'We'd like to wish you all a very merry Christmas.'


                The belief that Spanish is easy to learn is wrong.*
                The belief that Spanish is easy to learn is mistaken.

To describe a belief or idea that is wrong although people do not know it is wrong, use mistaken: 'Some people have the mistaken idea that cats need to drink milk.' 'I'm afraid you must be mistaken.'


Turton and Heaton. 1996. Longman Dictionary of Common Errors. England: Pearson Education Limited. 

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